Outwardly, with a swiftly expanding economy and a rapidly modernizing infrastructure, everything was going well in Iran.
The clergy first showed itself to be a powerful political force in opposition to the monarchy with the Tobacco protest. Talbot for a full monopoly over the production, sale, and export of tobacco for fifty years.
Press conference on international oil policies. Niavaran PalaceTehran Persian Constitutional Revolution[ edit ] Main article: Persian Constitutional Revolution The growing discontent continued until the Constitutional Revolution — The revolution led to the establishment of a Parliament and approval of the first constitution.
Although the constitutional revolution was successful in weakening the autocracy of the Qajar regime, it failed to provide a powerful alternative government.
Consequently, within the decades following the establishment of the new parliament, a number of critical events took place.
Many of these events can be viewed as a continuation of the struggle between the constitutionalists and the Shahs of Persia, many of whom were backed by foreign powers against the parliament.
He established a constitutional monarchy, deposing the last of the Qajar shah in and introduced many social, economic, and political reforms during his reign.
A number of these reforms led to public discontent which provides circumstances for an Iranian revolution. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi's father, Reza Shahreplaced Islamic laws with Western ones, which forbade traditional Islamic clothing, separation of the sexes and veiling of women's faces with the niqab.
Indozens were killed and hundreds injured in the Goharshad Mosque rebellion. However, he would avoid entering into political issues, as did other religious leaders who followed him. Hence, no widespread anti-government attempts were organized by clergy during the Reza Shah Rule.
It was the most profitable British business in the world. Most Iranians lived in poverty while the wealth generated from Iranian oil played a decisive role in maintaining Britain at the top of the world.
In Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh pledged to throw the company out of Iran, reclaim the petroleum reserves and free Iran from foreign powers.
Mosaddegh nationalized the Anglo-Iranian oil company and became a national hero. The British, however, were outraged and accused him of stealing. The British demanded punishment by the World Court and the United Nations, sent warships to the Persian Gulf and finally imposed a crushing embargo.
Mosaddegh was unmoved by Britain's campaign against him. One European newspaper, the Frankfurter Neue Pressereported that Mosaddegh "would rather be fried in Persian oil than make the slightest concession for the British".
The British considered an armed invasion, but U. Truman refused his support. Prime Minister Winston Churchill decided for a coup.
Mosaddegh, however, learned of their plans and ordered the British embassy shuttered in October All British diplomats and agents had to leave the country. The British asked Truman for help; Truman, however, sympathized with nationalist movements like Mosaddegh's and had nothing but contempt for old-style imperialists like those who ran Anglo-Iranian.Iran had been the most westernized and secular country in the Middle East.
It was a close ally of the West and the United States in particular. Specifically, this paper will outline various political, ethnic and religious spillover effects of the revolution and assess the revolution's impact on the Persian Gulf balance of power, U.S.
Causes of Iran's Revolution Economic Concerns As the price of oil (Iran's major export) rose, the Shah attempted to modernize Iran This modernization regime "pushed aside" the merchant class and forced poorer peasants to become "migrant workers" in towns The incomes of civil servants were fixed, and.
Effects: economic collapse, war, biggest political and societal division throughout Iranian history, cencorship, thousands in prison, millions emigrated abroad, billions of money being given to groups and countries abroad while Iranian civilians struggle, corruption, being isolated with america economically.
A revolution is a mass movement that intends to violently transform the old government into a new political system. The Iranian Revolution, which began in after years of climax, was an uprising against the Shah’s autocratic rule resulting in much religious and political change.
Transcript of The Effects of the Iranian Revolution of Iran at the beginning of One thing that changed in the Islamic religion after the revolution was that the women were forced to wear veils out in public, and the men were encouraged to have beards.
Copy of The Effects of the Iranian Revol.